Arts of War By Marc Leepson

Welcome to “Arts of War,” Vietnam Veterans of America’s up-to-the-minute compendium of information, news and reviews about the arts—movies, television, stage plays, musicals, music, dance, popular and fine arts, and more—that deal with Vietnam veterans and the Vietnam War.

This web page replaces the “Arts of War” column that ran in Vietnam Veterans of America’s national magazine, The VVA Veteran, from 1986-2009. That popular column was written by The VVA Veteran’s arts editor, Marc Leepson, who continues that work on this web site.

We encourage feedback. Please email your comments, questions, and suggestions to

Posted on January 28th 2009 in Comments

‘No Man Left Behind’ Statues Unveiled at Camps Lejeune and Pendleton

Two copies of “No Man Left Behind,” a striking ten-foot-tall bronze monument created by the artist and sculptor John Phelps, were dedicated today outside of the Wounded Warrior Battalion (East) Hope and Care Center on Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune in North Carolina and at the front entrance of the Wounded Warrior Complex of the Wound Warrior Battalion (West) at Camp Pendleton in California.

The  monument is based on “Hell Hole,” an iconic photograph taken in Fallujah by Lucian Read in 2004. It depicts two Marine Corps Lance Corporals—Chris Marquez and Dane Shaffer—rescuing 1st Sgt Bradley Kasal. Phelps, a Vietnam veteran who received the VVA Excellence in the Arts Award at the 2009 National Convention, spent four four years working on the life-sized monument, which he completed on November. 1.

His son, Marine Corps Lance Corporal Chance Phelps, was killed at age 19 in Iraq the same year the photograph was taken. The acclaimed HBO film Taking Chance is based on the journey that Marine Lt. Col. Mike Strobl underwent after he volunteered to escort Chance Phelps’s body from Dover Air Force Base to Phelps’ hometown in Wyoming. Strobl’s journal of that journey is the heart of the film.

Marines, John Phelps said after he finished the sculpture, understand that the monument “is honoring the sacrifice of all Marines especially the wounded.”

The sculptures were presented to the Marine Corps from the organization, Hope for the Warriors, a nonprofit that works in various ways to help post-September 11th service members and their families, including those who have sustained physical and psychological wounds in the line of duty.

“I am honored to work with Hope For The Warriors in creating this monument,” Phelps said. “I express myself through my art and this monument is a labor of love for me. Love for not just my son but for my growing Marine Corps family.”

Sculptor John Phelps (at left) with the statue. Standing next to Phelps is Chris Marquez, the Marine on the left in the statue


Lucian Read photo taken in Fallujah of USMC Lance Corporal Chris Marquez, 1st Sgt Bradley Kasal, and Lance Corporal Dane Shaffer.

Posted on November 12th 2014 in Art, Memorials, Sculpture

Connelly’s ‘City of Bones’ Audio

Michael Connelly’s Harry Bosch detective novel, City of Bones, published in hardcover in 2002, is now available on audio (Hachette, 9  CDs, 11 hours, $25).

This was Connelly’s seventh sterling detective novel featuring former Vietnam War tunnel rat Bosch, a brooding, brilliant LAPD homicide investigator. This time Bosch will not rest until he discovers the killer of a 13-year-old boy whose bones turn up in a shallow grave in the Hollywood Hills.

As usual, Bosch gets into serious trouble with his uptight superiors, has a troubled love affair, and fights through dark emotional times before he solves the case. The plot hums rapidly and the dialogue and characters ring true in this top-notch, satisfying novel.

The reading is done by Peter J. Fernandez, in what the Publishers Weekly review calls a “convincing” performance

Posted on November 3rd 2014 in Book News, Fiction

Big Veterans Day Concert on the Mall in D.C.

HBO has been a long-time supporter of America’s veterans. The giant pay cable network continues that admirable endeavor with its sponsorship of what promises to be a memorable live concert on Veterans Day, November 11. The Concert For Valor includes performances by Bruce Springsteen (who has been an important supporter of Vietnam Veterans of America), Rihanna, Metallica, Carrie Underwood, Zac Brown, and Dave Grohl, and appearances by Meryl Streep, Tom Hanks (one of the event’s producers), John Oliver, Steven Spielberg, and others.

The concert, co-hosted by Starbucks Coffee Company, will be broadcast on HBO at 7:00 p.m. Eastern time. HBO has made an arrangement with its affiliates to open the signal, allowing non-subscribers to see the concert.

The event “will provide a national stage for ensuring that veterans and their families know that their fellow Americans’ gratitude is genuine,” the sponsors said. The goal is “raising awareness for veterans service organizations dedicated to education, wellness, reemployment and reintegration.”

Posted on October 15th 2014 in Events, Music, On TV

Website Query: Vietnam War Pinups Wanted

Andi Gustavson, a graduate student studying the history of snapshot photography and war at the University of Texas, has set up a website—“a digital archive”— for “an important group of conflict photographs that has yet to be recognized by museums, archives, or historians…. personal snapshots that were most significant to servicemen and women.

To that end, Gustavson would like Vietnam veterans to visit the Personal Pin-up Project at and upload a photograph. Submissions, Gustavson says, “may include snapshots of lovers, wives, husbands, girlfriends, boyfriends, other family members, pets, etc. I am also willing to digitize hard copy snapshots if vets want to participate but need help.”

The hope is that “by exploring the snapshots taken by service members into war zones and overseas, we can learn more about the intimate and daily experiences of conflict and the relationship between war and love, hope, longing, desire, frustration, admiration, and nostalgia.”

For more info, email and please mention The VVA Veteran‘s Arts of War on the web page if you do.

Posted on October 8th 2014 in Artistic Queries, Arts on the Web, Photography

Author Query: Friendship in the War Zone

Skip Nelson (above, in Vietnam in 1968), a Vietnam veteran and accomplished photographer, is putting together a book titled A Candle in the Darkness. The heart of the book, Nelson says, will be “photos and stories submitted by veterans documenting people who brought some sense of friendship or sanity during their time in Vietnam.”

To that end, Nelson would like to hear from Vietnam veterans with photos documenting moments of friendship and sanity. The plan is to include them in the book along with “very short stories about the people in the photos.”

Nelson says he will  “choose the best 48 photos and stories. We hope to get a good mix of stories from all three sides: U.S., South Vietnamese and North Vietnamese.”

To find out more about the project and to contact Skip Nelson, go to the web site he has set up for the book:




Posted on October 3rd 2014 in Artistic Queries, Book News, Photography

Walter Anderson’s ‘Almost Home’

Walter Anderson (above, left), best known as the former long-time editor in chief of Parade magazine, served in the U.S. Marine Corps in the Vietnam War in 1965. The author of five books, Anderson’s latest artistic endeavor is a Vietnam War-themed play, Almost Home. The play, which is set in 1965,  is having its world premiere at the Acorn Theatre at Theatre Row in New York. The off-Broadway production, starring Jonny Orsini as a recently returned Marine Vietnam veteran, and directed by Michael Parva, is running through October 12.

“The play is carefully and beautifully written, speeding along at a sparse eighty minutes,” one critic wrote.  “Within those precious minutes, Mr. Anderson weaves a complex tale of the homecoming of Johnny Barnett, who has been granted a 72-hour leave before having to report to Camp Pendleton, California.  Mr. Anderson uses an economy of words and of action that propels the play at a brisk pace.

“Beginning with Mr. Anderson’s inspired writing and Mr. Parva’s clear direction, the quintet of actors tell the story of Johnny’s homecoming in a compelling and moving way.  It is clear that we are being told a complex tale of wars being fought in many theaters and at many levels.”

Posted on October 1st 2014 in Drama, On Stage, Plays

New Doc on the Final Days in Saigon

I am confident that I speak for the overwhelming majority of Vietnam veterans when I say that Henry Kissinger is just about the last person I would want to see as a talking head in a documentary about anything to do with the Vietnam War—much less the final days in April of 1975.

There’s no disputing the fact that Kissinger, the former Nixon Administration Secretary of State and National Security Adviser, was the most influential American shaping Vietnam War policy from 1969 to the end in 1975. But to include him in a Vietnam War documentary is akin to having Admiral Tojo explain the ending of World War II in the Pacific.

That’s because Kissinger’s arrogance, disingenuousness, and duplicity —along with that of his boss, Richard Nixon—made him more responsible than any other American for the war’s disastrous conclusion.

What’s more, following the end of the war Nixon (until his death in 1994) and Kissinger have spent considerable time baldly rewriting Vietnam War history. In a stream of books, speeches, TV and radio interviews, and articles the duo has tried to make the case that the war effort did not fail because of anything they did. Rather, it was the fecklessness and evil doings of others: the North Vietnamese, the Viet Cong, the South Vietnamese, the American news media, the American antiwar movement, the U.S. Congress, your Aunt Gertrude.

So it was with no small measure of incredulity to see Kissinger spouting off throughout The Last Days in Vietnam, an otherwise very well done and moving look at the last few days of the Vietnam War in April of 1975. The film, directed and produced by Rory Kennedy for PBS’s American Experience series, has been playing at film festivals and in a few theaters this summer and will be into the fall. It will air on TV next spring to commemorate the 40th anniversary of the communist takeover of the former South Vietnam.

Kennedy’s theme is the human angle in this sad episode of history. She focuses on heroic actions taken by Americans on the ground in Saigon as they tried—against overwhelming odds—to evacuate South Vietnamese men, women, and children they believed would be in mortal danger after the North Vietnamese took over the country.

The most informative and riveting testimony comes from former CIA analyst Frank Snepp, one-time Army Capt. Stuart Herrington, former U.S. Marine Guards Juan Valdez and Mike Sullivan, former Navy officers Hugh Doyle and Paul Jacobs, and two Vietnamese people left behind, a college student named Binh Pho and former South Vietnamese Navy Lt. Dam Pham, along with Kiem Do, who was a captain the South Vietnamese Navy. In the main, they tell stories that are short on politics and long on emotion. In comparison, Kissinger’s two cents come off as banal and bland.

Kennedy has found lots of great footage to go with the first-person testimony, including home movies shot aboard the U.S.S. Kirk, and lots of film from inside and around the American Embassy in Saigon. It’s a well above average documentary that is marred by the hulking presence of one of the war’s most controversial figures.

A list of upcoming screenings is posted on the film’s website.

—Marc Leepson

Posted on September 3rd 2014 in Documentaries, History

A. J. Langguth, 1933-2014

A. J. “Jack”  Langguth, who covered the Vietnam War for The New York Times and who went on to have a long career as an author and journalism professor at the University of Southern California, died on September 1 in Los Angeles. The author of—among many other books—the award-winning Our Vietnam: The War, 1954-1975, was 81 years old.

“Unable to set Vietnam aside, Langguth spent seven years researching and writing Our Vietnam: The War 1954-1975 (2000), which won acclaim for telling the Vietnamese side of the story as well as it did the American side, through solid analysis, mastery of detail and deft portraits of pivotal figures, including Defense Secretary Robert McNamara and South Vietnamese President Ngo Dinh Diem,” his Los Angeles Times obituary noted.

“The book does not develop new arguments or explicitly address the many war issues that still divide Americans,” historian George C. Herring wrote in his 2000 review . “Its strengths, rather, are in its skillful retelling of a well-known story, and in the way it captures the many dimensions of the war.”

Here’s our review of the book, from the October/November 2000 issue of The VVA Veteran:

Making History Come Alive: Jack Langguth’s Readable Our Vietnam

There have been readable narrative histories of the American war in Vietnam. There have been exhaustively researched histories of that war, combining material from original interviews, archival sources, and the best secondary sources. Now comes A.J. “Jack” Langguth’s Our Vietnam: The War, 1954-1975 (Simon & Schuster, 794 pp., $35), a history of the Vietnam War that is both compulsively readable and thoroughly researched.

Langguth, the former New York Times correspondent who teaches journalism at the University of Southern California, focuses on American policy-making in Washington, particularly during the Johnson administration. But he also includes fascinating material on concurrent planning by our Vietnamese allies and by the Vietnamese communists.

Langguth tells his story chronologically; he offers no surprises. But Langguth does bring something new to the table: insights into some of the war’s most pivotal events gleaned from interviews with lesser known but consequential American and Vietnamese eyewitnesses. That group includes William Kohlmann of the CIA; Viet Cong Lt. Ta Minh Kham; Foreign Service Officer Paul Kattenburg; North Vietnamese Army Col. Ta Minh Kham; Nguyen Dinh Tu, a one-time South Vietnamese newspaper reporter; and Jack Smith, the veteran ABC-TV News reporter who fought with the U.S. First Cavalry Division at the 1965 Battle of the Ia Drang.

Langguth also interviewed well-known pivotal players and mined the best primary and secondary accounts. With an eye for the telling anecdote, Langguth uses dozens of individual stories to create this personality-driven saga. The result is a long, compelling narrative. The book is short on analysis, but sets out the politically charged policy-making story of the Vietnam War in a complete and seamless manner.

Posted on September 2nd 2014 in Book News, History, In the Classroom, Journalism, Obituaries

Jack Herman’s Vietnam War ‘Micro Nonfiction’

Every week, the website Microfiction Monday posts stories that are told in 100 words or less. Today’s edition is a bit different–it contains six micro nonfictional accounts of the Vietnam War experiences of Jack Herman.

Drafted into the Army as a Conscientious Objector,  Herman served as a medic in Vietnam from 1969-70 with the 1st Cavalry Division. He saw his share of combat and—without carrying a weapon—received a Purple Heart and two Bronze Stars.

Here’s the full text of one of the pieces, “Nothing For Pain”:

It was a minor wound. A bullet had hit the man between his thumb and forefinger. Good bleeding but not pulsating, so no artery involvement. The medic cleaned and bandaged the wound as best he could while they sat in a dark foxhole.

“Sorry,” said the medic. “I don’t have anything for the pain. Battalion won’t issue us Darvon or morphine anymore because guys are stealing it from our aid bags. We’ll do our best to get you out in the morning on a chopper when we get resupplied with ammo. I’ll be back later to check the dressing.”

     Jack Herman in Vietnam

Posted on August 25th 2014 in Arts on the Web, Essays

Filmmaker Query: Vietnam Veterans and Apollo 11

Lauren Boudreau of 43Films is producing a two-hour special for the American Heroes Channel about Apollo 11 and what that event meant to Americans during the height of the Vietnam War and the Civil Rights movement.

“We want to focus on how the moon landing brought people together during those tumultuous times,” she told us, “and we are looking for veterans to share their stories with us about the war and about the moon landing. We want to tell the story of how the moon landing brought people together as accurately as possible.”

If you would like to tell your Vietnam War/moon landing story, email Lauren Boudreau at

Posted on August 14th 2014 in Artistic Queries, Documentaries, On TV